OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Exhibit includes statements that are, or may be deemed to be, "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of U.S. securities laws. The terms "anticipates," "expects," "may," "will," "could," "should" and other similar expressions identify forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical facts are forward-looking statements. These statements are made under the "Safe Harbor" provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements appear in a number of places throughout this Exhibit and include statements regarding our intentions, beliefs or current expectations concerning, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, prospects, growth, strategies and the industries in which we operate.

By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties because they relate to events and depend on circumstances that may or may not occur in the future. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and our actual results of operations, financial condition and liquidity, and the development of the industries in which we operate may differ materially from those made in or suggested by the forward-looking statements contained in this Exhibit. Important factors that could cause those differences include, but are not limited to: general local and global economic conditions; the political stability of our local region; outlook of the major and emerging end markets for our products, such as smartphones, high performance computing, internet of things, automotive electronics and digital consumer electronics; the volatility of the semiconductor and electronics industry; our ability to develop new technologies successfully and remain a technological leader; the increased competition from other companies and our ability to retain and increase our market share; overcapacity in the semiconductor industry; our reliance on certain major customers; the reliability of our information technology systems and resilience to any cyberattacks; our ability to maintain control over expansion and facility modifications; our ability to generate growth and profitability; our ability to hire and retain qualified personnel; our ability to acquire required equipment and supplies necessary to meet business needs; our ability to protect our technologies, intellectual property rights and third-party licenses; disruptive events, such as earthquakes or droughts; the COVID-19 pandemic; power and other utility shortages; construction issues as we expand our capacity; and fluctuations in foreign currency rates, in particular, any material appreciation of the NT dollar against the U.S. dollar, and our ability to manage such risks.

You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding our strategy and future plans, future business condition and financial results, our capital expenditure plans, our capacity management plans, expectations as to the commercial production using 3-nanometer and more advanced technologies, technological upgrades, investment in research and development, future market demand, future regulatory or other developments in our industry, business expansion plans or new investments as well as business acquisitions and financing plans.

The forward-looking statements made in this Exhibit relate only to events or information as of the date on which the statements are made in this Exhibit. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statements are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. You should read this Exhibit completely in conjunction with our Annual Reports on Form 20-F and other documents filed with or furnished to the SEC and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect.

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CERTAIN DEFINED TERMS AND CONVENTIONS

Unless the context otherwise requires, reference to:

• "Obligor Group" are to TSMC Arizona Corporation and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited collectively;